essay on economic liberalization in india

Introductions are usually % of the length of an a typical essay. Readers gain their first impressions of a paper from this section, so an effective introduction is.

A second objective is to protect EU maritime interests worldwide. By working together more closely and planning ahead, the EU and its Member States can make better use of existing resources, and enter more effective and credible international partnerships. All maritime security stakeholders in the EU — across sectors and borders — are called upon to participate directly in a cooperative setting. This revision seeks to ensure that the policy response remains fit for current and future challenges, in line with political priorities in a rapidly changing security environment, and taking into consideration the ongoing work in the area of security and defence and recently adopted EU legislation, policies and other initiatives.

The new Action Plan has an horizontal part A clustered in 5 key areas, dedicated to crosscutting issues and a new regional part B , where the EU seeks to address global challenges through regional responses to key maritime hotspots both at home — at European sea basins, like the Mediterranean and the Black Sea, and internationally — the Gulf of Guinea, Horn of Africa-Red Sea or South-East Asia. Read more.

  • Additional information.
  • obesity thesis statement comprehensive view.
  • Maritime Security – Security Topics – Africa Center for Strategic Studies.

If you are involved in maritime security at EU or national level, there are many opportunities for you to get involved. Please ask your relevant authority about local and sectorial priorities. You can also find professional information in the EU Maritime Forum. Improving the coordination between maritime authorities and across borders is a long-winded work. The key to success is interoperability: the technical ability to exchange information between systems that were developed completely independent from each other. The purpose of this Joint Staff Working Document is to give readers an overview of the activities currently under way at EU and national level and to take stock of the implementation the Maritime Security Strategy Action Plan as reported by Member States.

In some cases, such as the rescue of the Montecristo in October , the crew was freed by a British Navy operation, while in others large ransoms were paid. Besides threatening the Italian shipping industry, piracy has been conceptualized as a threat to the national interest at large, as the attacks could potentially result in a shift of maritime routes away from Suez and the Mediterranean, and therefore lead to a marginalization of Italian ports.

Due to these reasons, Italy has played a prominent role in the major international initiatives launched to counter maitime piracy. In , Italy was the first country to deploy a frigate off the Somali shores in an antipiracy mission called Mare Sicuro [Safe Sea].

  1. Ocean Newsletter.
  2. A study of maritime security and piracy: Maritime Policy & Management: Vol 40, No 7.
  3. institute of peace essay.
  4. The importance and complexity of our political, economic and environmental relationship to the sea makes the evolution of a contemporary normative vision of the maritime essential. We need Blue Justice for the blue economy and for the increasingly contentious politics of the maritime. In this blog I want to make a plea for a renewed political theory of the Maritime — A second Grotian moment that generates a Mare Iustitia rather than a Mare Liberum. In a recent and fascinating piece on this website , Barry J. Ryan urged a critical engagement with the sea and its architecture of freedom and argued persuasively for a normative vision for the sea.

    Because readers of this blog will have access to that work I want to start there and begin to outline the contours of blue justice.


    Barry Ryan took the tensions between the freedom of the sea and the idea that the sea is the common heritage of mankind as well as our outdated distinction between politics on land and politics at sea as the starting point for his critical and normative argument. He also showed how powerful states carve up this common heritage securing for themselves, rather than mankind, the commercial and military benefits of our common freedom of the sea.

    We can learn a lot from this — we clearly need normative principles that encourage us to pursue activities in the maritime with at least some concession to the common good. But the foundations of blue justice are such that determining the common good is even more complex than this suggests. The multiple and fragmented legal frameworks that apply to the sea divide the maritime as much as the freedom grabbing of littoral states.

    Maritime security in East and West Africa – interesting areas for research

    We should be embarrassed that so little has been written about the politics of the sea in the field of International Relations IR. Traditionally limited to the study of relations between states, even the cultural turn that so reinvigorated scholarship in IR a few decades ago has maintained the focus of research on political phenomena that occur on land. Flicking through a basic textbook in IR one would be forgiven for concluding that IR is a landlocked discipline.

    As a discipline, its knowledge of the role played by the sea in global history is, simply put, too basic and thus dangerous. More often than not it comes down to simplistic statements about the freedom of the sea that are too rarely critically challenged. The danger lies when maritime commentary bases its analysis on this freedom, writing about it as though it has always existed, that it is sacrosanct and that it must be maintained for the good of humanity. Military intervention is usually justified on the basis that the freedom of the sea is a fundamental principle of human progress.

    The open sea, we are told, must be secured, for commercial reasons, for environmental reasons, and for moral reasons. The aim of this bibliography is to gather a comprehensive collection of academic works on contemporary post WWII maritime piracy, with a focus on academic books, journals and working paper. In addition the bibliography includes some titles on the history of piracy, and some general interest literature on piracy.

    A Preliminary Assessment of Indonesia's Maritime Security Threats and Capabilities

    The present version includes almost entries. It documents the extent to which piracy has become a serious issue of academic inquiry, and how investigations of piracy contribute to general discourse and debates in International Relations, Area Studies, Maritime Studies, International Law, Criminology, and other disciplines.

    New Concept of Maritime Security: Securing the Oceans

    Please access the bibliography here. The International Maritime Organization IMO reports that attacks in major waterways have increased over the past decades.

    Maritime Security Center

    What are the mechanisms which drive different people in different countries across the globe to all participate in such illegal activities? One of these mechanisms is addressed in a research notes article recently published in the journal Studies in Conflicts and Terrorism.

    • importance of literature review in dissertation.
    • essay about tsunami in japan 2011.
    • Search form?

    Malaysia, Singapore and Indonesia are the three key littoral countries that border the Straits of Malacca, a major waterway and transit area in Southeast Asia which has traditionally witnessed a fair amount of maritime piracy through the ages. While these countries generally hold many things in common, such as historical, linguistic and cultural ties, they are also differ significantly in terms of strategic and economic interests.

    Despite these important differences, why have Malaysia, Singapore and Indonesia been able to cooperate in implementing and enforcing an anti-piracy regime that has been relatively effective? In a recently published article in the Pacific Review, we seek to engage this research question.

    We initially draw on theories in international relations that are informed by rational choice to explain international cooperation, namely neorealism and neoliberal institutionalism. We argue that key developments of the anti-piracy regime are not fully explained by such rationalist theories, which often stress strategic and material interests of states. In fact, despite rising levels of piracy in the Straits that threatened commercial and strategic goals, for many years the littoral states demonstrated only modest cooperative initiatives.